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Acute Pain | Chronic Pain | General

Acute pain


This site has been funded by the BUPA Foundation and Merck Sharp and Dohme provided funds to create it. Pfizer UK have generously sponsored maintenance of the site in 2002.


A downloadable essay on Acute Pain is available, as well as and NSAIDs, coxibs, smoking, and bone


Acute pain - analgesics

Analgesic League Table: relative effectiveness of analgesics in acute pain Aspirin Aspirin with codeine Bromfenac Celecoxib in acute pain Clonidine epidural Codeine oral Dextropropoxyphene Diclofenac Dihydrocodeine Etoricoxib Ibuprofen Ketorolac (injected) Ketorolac (oral) Lumiracoxib Morphine Nabumetone Naproxen NSAIDs by different routes Paracetamol Paracetamol with codeine (updated 2003) Paracetamol and codeine combinations 2001 Paracetamol with dextropropoxyphene Paracetamol plus tramadol for acute pain Paracetamol, NSAID, and combination in postoperative pain Parecoxib (injected) Pethidine Piroxicam Rofecoxib Rofecoxib update Tramadol Valdecoxib in acute pain

Acute pain - other interventions

Acute pain teams and postoperative pain Acupuncture in dental surgery Analgesic adjuncts for brachial plexus block Anticonvulsants Corneal patch Distraction for pain Dural puncture headache Education, assessment and postoperative pain management Incisional local anaesthetic after abdominal surgery Infiltration local anaesthetic in wound Intraarticular morphine in knee surgery Low level laser therapy for acute pain NSAIDs applied topically NSAIDs in renal colic NSAIDs, coxibs, smoking, and bone Nursing (nondrug) interventions Opioids injected peripherally Osteoporotic vertebral fractures (acute) managed with calcitonin Paedriatric pain mgment Patient-controlled analgesia Patient-controlled analgesia update Preemptive analgesia Preemptive analgesia update Pre-op information Propofol; prevention of pain on injection Psychoeducational care Relaxation techniques Relaxation and music therapy for postoperative pain Review of acute pain services TENS

Acute pain - labour pain

Patient controlled epidural analgesia for labour Epidurals in childbirth Intrathecal opioid during caesarian section Intrathecal opioids and foetal bradycardia in labour TENS for labour pain

Acute pain - other

Effectiveness of acute postoperative pain management NSAIDs, coxibs, smoking, and bone Vapocoolant sprays for cannulation pain