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Hepatitis C prevalence in a UK haemodialysis unit

 

Clinical bottom line

The prevalence of hepatitis C in a UK haemodialysis unit was 14%.


Reference

DN Irish et al. Identification of hepatitis C seroconversion resulting from nosocomial transmission on a haemodialysis unit: implications for infection control and laboratory screening. Journal of Medical Virology 1999 59: 135-140.

Study

The setting was Guy's and St Thomas' haemodialysis unit with 150 patients dialysed three times a week in 1996. Following an incident of seroconversion of one patient, monthly serological screening on all 150 patients took place over three months. Further screening using RNA also occurred.

Results

No further instances of seroconversion took place. The prevalence of hepatitis C was 21/150 (14%). Based on limited numbers, there was a higher prevalence among patients of Afro-Carribean origin (22%) and those of black African, Indian, Pakistani, or Chinese origin (17%) than in caucasians (11%).

Comment

The prevalence of hepatitis C in a UK haemodialysis unit was 14%.