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In these pages are collected the stories from Bandolier relating to healthcare before, during and after an operation. In due course these will be supplemented by additional material, as resources become available through sponsorship or other means. There is much additional material on pain in the Oxford Pain Internet Site. Needlestick injuries may also be of interest.

Links and resources

Evidence-based perioperative medicine Infinite list of systematic reviews


Background to hip fractures Beta-blockers in non-cardiac surgery Compensation status and surgical outcome Epidural and risk: it all depends Hip replacement, needs and risks Improving surgical outcomes Lignocaine and neurological harm Meta-analyses in orthopaedic surgery Perioperative aspirin use? NSAIDs, coxibs, smoking, and bone


Acupuncture for surgery Anaesthetic outcomes patients don't want Analgesic adjuncts for brachial plexus block Outcomes after epidurals in labour Propofol; prevention of pain on injection Which anaesthetic technique Which anaesthetic technique revisited


Outcomes after second cataract surgery Outcomes after hip fracture Outcomes with transurethral prostatectomy (TURP)


Breast reduction surgery Cost-effectiveness of analgesia in acute pain Chlorhexidine dressings and catheters DandC for women under 40 Harm from endoscopy or colonoscopy How should you choose the intervention or who to do it? Incision or resection for prostate surgery? Keyhole hernia repair Laser vs TURP for BPH: systematic review Law of diminishing returns: the laparoscope Laparoscopic appendectomy Mastectomy versus lumpectomy for breast cancer Reducing the length of stay for patients with upper gastrointestinal tract haemorrhage Ruptured Achilles tendons Revascularisation choices Surgery for arthritic knee: roundup Tonsillectomy: bleeding and prediction Tonsillectomy for sore throats Transurethral microwave therapy for BPH Surfactant for acute respiratory failure in children Surgery for morbid obesity Surgery or watchful waiting for BPH Which primary total hip replacement? Vein harvesting techniques compared

Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV)

Metoclopramide is ineffective in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting Non-pharmacological techniques prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting Vomiting after Squint Surgery

After the operation

Anticonvulsants in head injury Bleeding after tonsillectomy BPH, haematuria, and finasteride CABG mortality by sex and age Do NSAIDs inhibit bone healing? DVT after knee arthroscopy Focus on drips Glutamine supplementation in serious illness Homocysteine lowering after percutaneous coronary intervention Homeopathy and postoperative ileus NSAIDs, tonsillectomy and postoperative bleeding Physiotherapy is beneficial after surgery Postoperative fatigue Sport after hip or knee replacement Stents and thrombosis What happens after prostate cancer surgery?

Pressure sores

Fragmment score (sic) for pressure ulcers Pressure Sores: Five reviews and an RCT Vitamin C and ultrasound are effective for pressure sores


Low molecular weight heparin and knee replacement NNT worksheet for pressure stockings and post thrombotic syndrome Thromboprophylaxis and death after total hip replacement DVT & Low Molecular Weight Heparin Graduated compression stockings to prevent postoperative venous thromboembolism A question of stockings

Postoperative pain

See also Acute Pain Chronic pain after surgery Effectiveness of acute postoperative pain management Patient-controlled analgesia update Preemptive analgesia update Pre-emptive epidural analgesia does not reduce long-term pain after thoracotomy Acute and postoperative pain in children

Management of services

Audit improves pain after day case surgery Changing oral surgery Do-it-yourself pain control Education, assessment and postoperative pain management Improving oral postoperative analgesia Handwashing and infection Handwashing reduces hospital-acquired infection Increasing handwashing in healthcare workers Nurse staffing, mortality and burnout Re-engineering elective surgery Review of acute pain services Treatment protocol effectiveness Why patients do not attend and how to improve it


Antibiotic prophylaxis for colorectal surgery Are autologous blood transfusions cost-effective? Albumin in critical illness revisited Albumin in critical illness Breaking bad news to patients Developing the role of nurse practitioners Latex allergy review Minor surgery in primary care - warts and all Waste in healthcare (including HAI)